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VICTORIA

INTRODUCTION

 

“The White Arrow”, “The Dove of the Orient”, “The Ship of Maharajahs”... these were some of the epithets which were given to the motorship Victoria of the Lloyd Triestino. At the end of the 'Twenties, the company's technical office was faced with a complex but obvious problem: the design of a new liner which would replace the two already obsolete vessels Helouan and Vienna, born before the First World War which, with the exception of those wartime years, had served with dignity on the express route between Italy and Alexandria in Egypt.

The higher speeds obtainable with the latest generation of propulsion machinery, the competition posed by the Società Italiana di Servizi Marittimi (SITMAR) of Genoa which was running its two most recent steamships, Esperia and Ausonia, on the same route, a worrying contraction in traffic and, finally, the restructuring of the Lloyd Triestino by Lloyd Sabaudo, persuaded the company to order just a single ship; the possibility of a sister ship would have to wait for more favourable economic times. Following a favourable experience with some diesel-driven combi-ships, it was decided that the new flagship should be a motor vessel: four powerful Sulzer diesels, built at the famous Fabbrica Macchine Sant'Andrea of Trieste, were connected directly to the same number of propellers with the intention of giving the ship a service speed of 20 knots.

An oil on canvas by Paolo Klodic painted in 1931 on the occasion of the entry into service of the ship (Maurizio Eliseo Collection).

The Victoria (a name chosen after consideration had been given to Alessandrina and Cleopatra) was also one of the very first passenger ships in the World built to the new standards of Safety of Life At Sea (SOLAS 1929); in addition to a cellular double bottom which extended from the fore to the stern peak, she was divided into eleven watertight compartments with the engine room in the middle section and the forward and aft sections devoted to cargo. There was also a garage for cars accessible over a ramp connected to the quay. Despite being much smaller than the great transatlantic liners, the Victoria attracted international attention for several reasons: apart from her speed, she had a particularly graceful and streamlined appearance, her interiors were in the Modern style and the first class main lounge was fitted with air-conditioning: she was indeed the first passenger ship in the World to have this amenity thanks to a plant designed by the Carrier company of America and built in England.

DATA SHEET

 

KEEL LAYING: 05/03/1930

LAUNCH: 12/06/1930

MADEN VOYAGE: Trieste-Alexandria 06/27/1931

SHIP YARD: Cantiere San Marco, Trieste

HULL NUMBER: 782

COMPANy: Lloyd Triestino, Trieste

FLAG: Italian

DIMENSIONS:

LENGTH OVERALL: 540 ft

WIDTH: 70 ft

GROSS TONNAGE: 13062 tsl

PROPULSION: Sulzer diesel , quadruple screw

SERVICE SPEED: 20,50 knots

TOP SPEED:  23,26 knots

POWER: 18.660 horsepower

HOTEL CAPACITY:

FIRST CLASS: 239

SECOND CLASS: 245

THIRD CLASS: 100

FOURTH CLASS: 82

CREW: 254

FATE: 1942 January 24 attacked and sunk by British torpedo - carrying aircraft in the gulf of Sidrea.

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VICTORIA SHOP